In today's digital era, homeowners have leveraged technology to help make their homes safer, whether they are home or away. Most home security systems work based on the same principles; these include securing entry points such as windows, doors, and even ventilation. Most home security systems are made up of the same components, with the only difference being the number – based on the size of the house and number of entries.
Home security systems comprise a series of integrated electronic devices controlled by a central control panel. These systems are mostly designed to protect the home from potential intruders and any other threat to the house. A home security system comes with sensors strategically placed around the house, especially near entry points such as doors and windows.
Home Security System Components
As stated before, home security systems work by securing strategic entry points using sensors that relay data to a command center located at a convenient location within the house. Here are the components that make up a home security system.
- Control Panel - A control panel is found in a central control location and is used to activate and deactivate the security system. It's also responsible for communicating with individual components to sound an alarm when security is breached and relay information to the alarm monitoring company. The computer or touchpad comes with a user-friendly interface where homeowners can arm and disarm the system, input voice commands and program the system to work on wireless remote controls.
- Window and Door Sensors - Window and door sensors are designed with two parts fitted adjacent to one another. One part is fitted to the window or door, while the other is placed on the window sill or door frame. The door or window closes, the two parts join to form a complete security circuit. Once the security system is activated, the sensors communicate to the control panel reporting the points of entry are secure. When the circuit breaks, an alarm sounds, and the professional monitoring company is alerted.
- Surveillance Cameras - Surveillance cameras are designed in both wireless and wired configurations. These devices can be used in multiple ways as part of a home security system. Common uses include monitoring distant or hard-to-see places both in the house and around your property, entry points, and remote buildings such as garages, workshops, or barns. The best part about surveillance cameras is that they are accessible remotely on smartphones, laptops, and tablets. They are a good way to keep an eye on your property while away.
- Motion Sensors - Motion sensors are used to protect a given space using an invisible barrier that, when breached, sounds the alarm. These components are often used in interior spaces to protect rooms with valuables.
- High-decibel Alarm - High-decibel alarms are used to alert the homeowners of a possible invasion. This is also a good way of sending the invaders running while alerting neighbors of the situation.
Home Security System Providers
With an increased awareness of the need for security, homeowners are looking at affordable yet secure home security systems for their homes. There are several options to choose from, both DIY systems and professionally monitored systems. Some of the top providers include:
- Simplisafe - Simplisafe is arguably one of the easiest DIY home security systems. This option comes with a comprehensive package that includes security cameras and battery-powered motion detectors. This system has a starter kit that allows you to customize your security using various components you may be interested in. With Simplisafe, you can also find features such as mobile app controls with voice support via Google Assistant and Alexa.
- Vivint Smart Home - This is one of the best choices when it comes to professionally monitored systems. Vivint smart home comes with a third-party device integration with a monthly monitoring fee of $30 - $45.
- Wyze Home Monitoring - Wyze is probably one of the most affordable security systems. The base model comes with a motion detector, keypad, two windows and door detectors, and a base station with a built-in siren. However, you can upgrade to other versions that offer professional monitoring at a reasonable price.
Keep in mind there are two types of home security system providers. There are those that offer DIY systems and those that provide professional monitoring systems. You should weigh both options before committing to a specific one.